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International Journal of Caring Sciences J. 2016; 9(1): 258-273.
 
Association of Body Mass Index with Eating Attitudes, Self Concept and Social Comparison in High School Students

Özdemir A, Koçoğlu G, Hicran Y, Akansel N,

Uludağ University School of Health Sciences, Bursa, Turkey

Abstract Aim: In this study we aimed to investigate the association of body mass index with eating behaviours and psychosocial characteristics. Method: This was a cross sectional study that utilised a questionnaire form that included data related to socioeconomic and psychosocial characteristics of subjects. The data were gathered via student identification form, eating habit inventory Eating Attitude (EAT-40) test”, Piers-Harris Children’s SelfConcept Scale and Social Comparison Scale. Weight, height, waist and hip circumferences were measured. The study was conducted among 936 high school students who were randomly sampled through 9 different types of high schools in Bursa city. Results: Among the cases 56.9% were are female (n: 542), and 43.1% were male (n: 411) and the mean age of the whole study group was 15, 74±1, 27. The mean body mass index (BMI) of the students was 21.14±3.43 kg/m2. Of the students; the mean eating attitude test score was 20.59±11.69, the mean self-esteem score was 56.07±10.13, and the mean social comparison scale score was 69.51±25.31. No significant association was found between body weight, eating disorders and self esteem scores (p>0.05).A weight perception problem exists evident as the finding that 50% of thin students and 35.4% of normal weight students thought they were overweight. Approximately, 73% of overweight and 80% of obese students were aware of their status. Conclusions: The development of the adolescents and environmental factors make the group susceptible to eating disorders and this age group needs to be closely monitored.

Anahtar kelimeler: Eating attitudes, Self-concept, Body mass index, Social comparison, Adolescents

İletişim: ayozdemir_at_uludag.edu.tr

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